Archive | June, 2012

US Expansion: Oregon Country (1977)

14 Jun
Director
Producer  Coronet Instructional Films
Contributors Content consultant: Earl Pomeroy (University of Oregon)

Classroom consultant: Stephen F. Handran (North Eugene Highschool)

Length  13 min
B&W/Color  Color
UO Library Catalog description:   Describes the Lewis and Clark expedition, travel on the Oregon trail, and early pioneer life in Oregon
Call # Mb52 1977
Genre  Instructional
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Copyrighted
Physical condition  Fair
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

We have the first edition of this film, which was made in 1956.  I screened this film with the eye to compare it to the first edition and see what alterations were made in the production of the second.

 

The film begins with Oregon coastline where “the great forests of the NorthWest meet the Pacific Ocean,” which is different from the first edition.  But it quickly transitions to 1840’s and pioneers on the Oregon Trail.  Like first edition, it transitions to the beginning of 19th century when Oregon was disputed land. New images and footage of nature/wildlife and reenactments of pioneers are introduced within the narrative.  Original footage from the first edition is included.  The script is altered, yet very similar.

 

The film continues on the same trajectory as the first edition with the Lewis and Clark Expedition and trading in the Oregon country.  I noticed that this film detailed the pioneers and their hardships and so humanized them more than the first edition’s rendering.

 

I was also surprised to find that there was even less mention of Native Americans and their history in the second edition, made in 1977, than the first edition which was made in 1956.

US Expansion: Oregon Country (1956)

14 Jun
Director
Producer  Coronet Instructional Films
Contributors  Educational Collaborator: Earl Pomeroy (Professor of History at the University of Oregon)
Length  15 min
B&W/Color  Black&White
UO Library Catalog description:   Describes pioneer life in Oregon and discusses the Lewis and Clark Expedition, the influence of fur traders and missionaries on the development of the Oregon Territory, and the conflicting claims of Russia, Spain, Great Britain, and the United States to lands in the Pacific Northwest
Call # Mb52
Genre  Instructional
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Copyrighted
Physical condition  Good
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

On our catalog’s website it is listed as being in color but that it was also issued in black and white. The copy we have in our archive is in Black & White.

We also have the second edition of this film, made in 1977 in our archives.  I screened this film firstly for content as to be able to compare the two and see what alterations were made in the later production.

The film begins in the early 1840’s on the Oregon Trail with pioneers traveling from Missouri to the “Oregon country” and its majestic and plush natural resources.  The film then transitions to the early 19th century when Oregon country was disputed land (does not include history of Native Americans) and continues into the Lewis and Clark Expedition commissioned by Jefferson. Details trading history, specifically fur trade, in the Oregon country.

Switches back to the Oregon Trail, the arduous jouney, and how the trail passed through “Indian Country”… the film demonstrates, via narrator and reenactments that for the most part they met in peace and friendliness and that some served as guides further into the west.

Details how in1846 Oregon Territory, under United States jurisdiction was declared and ends with pioneers building the community and helping in expansion of the United states from the Rockies to the Pacific.

Limits to Growth (1973)

14 Jun
Director Bruce Bittle
Producer Portland OR. : Teknifilm

Eugene: Lane Council of Governments

Contributors Club of Rome

Narrator, Larry Chusman

Length 30 min
B&W/Color  Color
UO Library Catalog description:   Examines pros and cons of continued worldwide economic growth as compared to a leveling off of growth in population, capital investments, and material goods to the point of a steady economy
Call # Mc176
Genre  Government-Sponsored
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Public Domain
Physical condition  Poor/Fair
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

We have two copies of this film in the Univeristy of Oregon’s archives.  Our first copy is in poor condition.  The emulsion degradation has rendered the image extremely pink and red.  It has been subjected to many splices, some poorly done, and the film itself is extremely brittle.  I would not suggest screening with this copy.  Our second copy is in fair condition and also has about 20 seconds more footage at the beginning of the reel.  We can assume that the first copy was damaged and the first twenty seconds of that reel was spliced out.  I replaced the leader of the second copy as it had extensive perforation damage.  The color has only a slight orange tint and though there are dectable emulsion scratches, the image is fairly clear.  Obviously, if one were to screen Limits to Growth they should choose Copy #2.

Bruce Bittle is an Oregonian photographer with a B.A. and M.S. from the University of Oregon.  He has worked in collaboration with Lane County on numerous occations.

We have numerous films in our archive authored by Bruce Bittle:

The Springtime of Autumn

Mankind at the Turning Point

You conquered me not : a short history of the Klamath & Modoc tribes

and Confrontations of Death

 

 

Human and Animal Beginnings, 2nd Ed. (1980)

14 Jun
Director
Producer  E.C. Brown Foundation/Wexler Films (Los Angeles)
Contributors  Made possible with grant from The Foundation for Medical Education of the Los Angeles County Medical Association
Length  15 min
B&W/Color  Color
UO Library Catalog description:   Uses the reproduction of small animals to introduce children to human reproduction. Emphasizes the role of families in caring for the newborn. For elementary grades
Call # Mb278
Genre  Instructional
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Copyrighted
Physical condition  Good
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

The E.C. Brown Foundation gave a private financial boost for family life and sex education in Oregon starting in the 1930’s.  The three-fold purpose of the then trust and now foundation were 1) the social hygiene on behalf of the youth of Oregon, 2) a reverence for the married state, and 3) the prevention of sexual abuse especially venereal disease.

The first edition of this film, which we have online, was created by Lester F. Beck, an Associate Professor of Psychology as well as a Secretary Treasurer at the University of Oregon.  He also wrote the script for the E.C. Brown Trust film Human Growth, which we have here in our archives as well. At the university, he created the film, Adaptive Behavior of Golden-Mantled Ground Squirrel, which is a film undergoing much research and analysis by our amazing Elizabeth Peterson.

Our library’s catalog does not list who directed this edition.  Even in screening the author of this film is not credited on film.

 

Human Growth (1947)

12 Jun

Human Growth (20 min., sound, color) is credited as the first sex education film for junior high school students shown in U.S. public schools. In the 1940s, the Oregon-based E.C. Brown Trust was seeking ways to fulfill its mission and spend its endowment, and this film was the result. Dr. Lester F. Beck wrote the script and supervised the production. The Trust hired Eddie Albert Productions to produce the film, and Sy Wexler directed. Known as “the Oregon film,” it was widely acclaimed, and won numerous awards. At its peak of popularity, there were nearly 2,000 prints in circulation. Now it is extremely rare, although it is now available online on the University of Oregon Libraries website.

We’ve come to expect our vintage sex ed films to be campy and hilarious, but Human Growth takes a calm and sensible approach to this controversial topic. It exemplifies the progressive values of Lester Beck and the E.C. Brown Trust, demonstrating how parents and teachers can talk to kids about human reproduction and puberty without embarrassment or giggliness, or by using “the love life of a worm,” as Beck said. The Oregonian newspaper summed it up this way: “No birds, no bees, no moralizing.”

 

 

County Outline (1956?)

9 Jun
Director  Harry Paget (and photographer)
Producer  Multnomah County Library
Contributors Made under the auspices of Elizabeth H. Harmond Fund of the Library Association of Portland.

Musical score by Robert Crowley

Length  30 min
B&W/Color  Black & White
UO Library Catalog description:  Portland, Or. : Multnomah County Library
Call # Mc24
Genre Government-Sponsored
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Public Domain
Physical condition  Fair
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

The Multnomah County Library produced this film about Multnomah County in which the city of Portland is contained.  It details nearly all aspects of the county including geographical, geological and economical filming surrounding landscape and industry.  The film details the processes of government such as voting practices, city planning, and property taxes.  Local schools, children, and social workers within the juvenile detention system are filmed as well.

The University of Oregon’s medical school is mentioned in their filming of the county hospital, the Multnomah Hospital.  The medical center was run by medical faculty from the U of O and educated medical interns.  Local law enforcement and so much more is highlighted in this report which recounts nearly all infrastructures in the county.

This film obviously holds great historical and cultural value for the University of Oregon, the city of Portland, Multnomah County, and the state of Oregon.  In our catalog the date is listed as 1956 but it’s true production date is unknown as of yet.

Oregon Today (1962)

9 Jun
Director  Don Horter
Producer  Don Horter Productions
Contributors Oregon Dept. of Planning and Development

Narrator, Tex Antoine

Music, Al Corelli

Photographers, Fred Miller, Eric Horter, and Harold Laney

Length  28 min
B&W/Color  Color
UO Library Catalog description:   Describes the industrial production of Oregon from the basic forest products to new electronic space devices. Includes views of the scenery in Oregon and shows the activity on farms and in cities.
Call # Mc213
Genre  Government-Sponsored
Rare  YES
Online  NO
Copyright status  Public Domain
Physical condition  Poor
Oregon-related  YES

Notes:

I found that in 1956 Don Horter made a film called White Peril which, according to a plot summary of the film on imdb.com, detailed the snow patrol on duty in the Cascade Mountains of Washington state. Also on eos.web I found a film that he also made called Of Ships and Cargo in 1960, which is a promotional film to draw in business to Portland, OR.  This seemed very similar in intention to Oregon Today.

While screening this film an old splice broke and I was obliged to repair it.  The film is extremely brittle, has extensive emulsion scratching, surface damage, and color degradation.  The film is extremely red and in poor condition.

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